The GLTP is one of the few remaining parts of southern Africa, which still contains natural undeveloped areas with little human impact and influence.

The GLTP has a strong Shangaan  heritage, which predates European cultures. The heart of the GLTP, the Pafuri area, is the focal point of the two Shangaan clans still holding traditional rule across the three borders: the Maluleke and the Sengwe clans. The site of the confluence between the Limpopo and the Luvuvhu Rivers is the core of the traditional ceremonies, with its waters being sought after by traditional healers in the three countries. The Pafuri area is still used by the two clans jointly for coming of age ceremonies and other traditional events.

The GLTP is a significant historical resource in its own right. An accurate and famous account was narrated in 1957 by the South African author P.V. Bulpin in “The Ivory Trail”. Historical sites are scattered in the natural landscape from Kruger National Park into the communal areas of Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Alongside the socio-economic history of the region, the evolution of conservation practices is narrated by the landscape across the two major natural divides, the Lubombo mountains and the Limpopo River.