The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA), a joint transboundary conservation initiative between Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe, presents itself with a unique opportunity to use tourism development as a...
Mozambique has become the first country since the signing of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (GLTP) Treaty in 2002 to add an area to the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTCA) with the establishment of the Greater Libombos Conservancy (GLC).
The Treaty provides for the establishment of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA), which is defined as “the area adjacent to the Transfrontier Park, comprising compatible conservation areas but not lending itself to formal integration with the Transfrontier Park, shall be managed as a Transfrontier Conservation Area.” The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to formalize the GLC was signed between Mozambique’s National Administration of Conservation Areas (ANAC) and Licoturismo on 22 February 2017 in Maputo, Mozambique.
The GLC (240 000 ha) is now the first privately managed area to be included as part of the GLTCA and comprises a total of nine properties in Mozambique on the eastern boundary of the Kruger National Park.
The GLC is significant in terms of its environmental attributes, as well as its geographic location. It conserves and protects diverse natural and cultural assets. It is largely devoid of infrastructure or anthropogenic impacts, and includes vast unspoilt areas that provide opportunities for the development of true wilderness experiences. The GLC is also a key component of the largest rhino refuge area in southern Africa and, together with its neighbours, is at the forefront of the combat against the current rhino poaching epidemic.
According to the Department of Environmental Affairs, the new expansion of the conservation area will give the joint governmental agencies more authority in combating wildlife crime across the trans-frontier region.
The GLTP Trilateral Ministerial Committee also declared that in terms of conservation and protection, the countries will reaffirm the implementation of the wildlife translocation programme for the GLTFCA and the continue the restocking of species into key protected areas in the Mozambican component of the GLTFCA.